ADA Accommodations for Employees
NC State provides equal opportunity in all of its programs, activities
Partnering with the Disability Resource Office and the Office of Information Technology, Equal Opportunity and Equity helps serve employees who qualify for accommodations under the Americans with Disabilities Act. Reasonable accommodations are provided to qualified employees upon request. (Students are served by the Disability Resource Office.)
Contact the Office for Institutional Equity and Diversity to:
- confidentially learn more about your rights as a person with a disability under the Americans with Disabilities Act;
- request a reasonable accommodation.
Requesting an Accommodation
Consistent with the Americans with Disabilities Act, NC State has a process by which an employee may seek reasonable accommodations.
It is recommended that the employee submit two forms:
- ADA-001: Request for Eligibility, to be completed online by the employee;
- ADA-002 Documentation of Disability; this form can be submitted as an attachment to the ADA-001 form. The ADA-002 should be completed by an appropriate diagnosing professional.
After the ADA coordinator receives adequate information about the disability, the coordinator will make an eligibility determination (i.e., whether the employee is eligible or not for protection under the ADA). Either way, the employee will receive a letter regarding eligibility status. If an employee believes they have already provided adequate information to another office at NC State (e.g., Leave Administration or a supervisor), they should let the ADA coordinator know. The ADA coordinator will review the existing documentation and inform the employee as to whether any additional information is needed. Medical information provided to the ADA coordinator is kept confidential.
If you do not wish to pursue receiving accommodations
Vice Provost for Institutional Equity and Diversity and ADA Coordinator, Office for Institutional Equity and Diversity
231 Winslow Hall
Campus Box 7530
Raleigh, NC 27695-7530
Step 2 – Procure an accommodations meeting.
If you are eligible and interested in pursuing workplace reasonable accommodations, we will schedule a meeting for the employee, the employee’s supervisor
During the meeting, participants will discuss:
- the employee’s essential job functions;
- the employee’s functional limitations;
- ideas for reasonable accommodations.
At no point in the meeting are diagnoses disclosed unless disclosure is initiated by the employee. The goal of the meeting is to come to an agreement, through an interactive process, on reasonable accommodations for the workplace. More than one meeting may be required. The agreement, completed on the ADA-005 form, serves as a starting point for accommodations. If at any point, you or your supervisor find that the accommodations are not serving the purpose adequately, you or your supervisor may request a meeting to revisit
If there is no agreement
- Equal Employment Opportunity Commission (EEOC) – The EEOC is the federal agency responsible for enforcing the Americans with Disabilities Act. Information is available on the EEOC website about the ADA and disability discrimination.
- Job Accommodation Network (JAN) – JAN is a resource for “free, expert, and confidential guidance on workplace accommodations and disability employment issues.” JAN is a service provided by the U.S. Department of Labor’s Office of Disability Employment Policy.
ADA Definitions and Terms
employee with a disability: an employee with a physical or mental impairment that substantially limits a major life activity who is entitled to reasonable accommodations from NC State.
essential job function: the fundamental job duties of the employment position that the individual with a disability holds or desires. The term “essential function” does not include marginal functions of the position.
impairment: includes any physiological disorder or condition, cosmetic disfigurement or anatomical loss affecting one or more body systems, such as neurological, musculoskeletal, special sense organs, respiratory (including speech organs), cardiovascular, reproductive, digestive, genitourinary, immune, circulatory, hemic, lymphatic, skin and endocrine; or any mental or psychological disorder, such as an intellectual disability (formerly termed “mental retardation”), organic brain syndrome, emotional or mental illness and specific learning disabilities.
interactive process: a means recommended by the EEOC in which employees and employers work together in demonstrating a good faith effort to comply with the ADA, to streamline the accommodation process and to help ensure that effective accommodations are provided
major life activity: refers to activities that an average person can perform with little or no difficulty. Major life activities include, but are not limited to: caring for oneself, performing manual tasks, seeing, hearing, eating, sleeping, walking, standing, sitting, reaching, lifting, bending, speaking, breathing, learning, reading, concentrating, thinking, communicating, interacting with others and working; and the operation of a major bodily function, including functions of the immune system, special sense organs and skin; normal cell growth; and digestive, genitourinary, bowel, bladder, neurological, brain, respiratory, circulatory, cardiovascular, endocrine, hemic, lymphatic, musculoskeletal and reproductive functions. The operation of a major bodily function includes the operation of an individual organ within a body system.
qualified individual: an individual who satisfies the requisite skill, experience, education and other job-related requirements of the employment position such individual holds or desires and who, with or without reasonable accommodation, can perform the essential functions of such position. The ADA prohibits discrimination on the basis of disability against a qualified individual.
reasonable accommodation: a modification or adjustment to a job, the work environment or the way things are usually done that enables a qualified individual with a disability to enjoy an equal employment opportunity. Reasonable accommodation is a key nondiscrimination requirement of the ADA.
substantially limits: an impairment is a disability if it substantially limits the ability of an individual to perform a major life activity as compared to most people in the general population; an impairment need not prevent, or significantly or severely restrict, the individual from performing a major life activity in order to be considered substantially limiting.
undue hardship: significant difficulty or expense incurred by a covered entity, when considered in light of certain factors. These factors include the nature and cost of the accommodation in relationship to the size, resources, nature and structure of the employer’s operation. Where the facility making the accommodation is part of a larger entity, the structure and overall resources of the larger organization would be considered, as well as the financial and administrative relationship of the facility to the larger organization. Employers do not have to provide accommodations that cause an undue hardship.