What is chill in the classroom? When a faculty member’s or other students’ behavior unintentionally makes a student, usually from an under-represented group, feel unwelcome and excluded.
Creating a welcoming and inclusive classroom involves being aware and avoiding chill in the classroom, incorporating inclusive examples, images, history, and context into the course content, and employing varied teaching methods that will foster success of students with diverse learning styles.
The classroom is also an ideal place to foster collaboration among students from backgrounds different than their own, using group projects or service learning modules. All of us need this kind of preparation for life in the 21st century world.
Reading and Resources for Developing an Inclusive Classroom
- Create an Inclusive Learning Environment Carnegie-Mellon. Discusses the impact of climate on learning and performance.
- Creating a Positive Classroom Climate for Diversity . Juan C. Garibay, UCLA. Example statement for syllabus acknowledging the value of diversity, examples of ground rules for class discussions, ways to respond to microaggressions.
- Creating Inclusive College Classrooms. Shari Saunders and Diana Kardia, University of Michigan. Considerations when choosing course content, discussion of common assumptions that might trip you up.
- Strategies for Fostering Inclusion in the Classroom. The Teaching Center, Washington University.
- Interrupting Microaggressions Tool
- How a Biology Boys Club Plays into the STEM Gap: http://www.usnews.com/news/articles/2016-02-16/stopping-student-gender-bias-could-help-close-stem-gap
- National Center for Faculty Diversity and Development webinars (free to NC State faculty and graduate students. You need to register as a member to view these).
- Bully in the Ivory Tower: How Aggression and Incivility Erode American Higher Education.http://www.facultydiversity.org/default.asp?page=BullyIvoryTower
- Addressing Incivility in the Classroom: Effective Strategies for Faculty. http://www.facultydiversity.org/page/ClassroomIncivility
- (In)Civility in Academic Spaces. To be held March 23, 2016
- Teaching for Retention in STEM Disciplines: A Guide for Faculty. CRLT Occasional Papers. Center for Research on Learning and Teaching, University of Michigan, No. 25.
- Sensitive Issues in the Classroom – Faculty who have significant experience and expertise in leading discussions that bear on sensitive social and historical issues provide insights and advice for faculty who will be teaching diversity courses or have to deal with sensitive topics in their classroom. (Dr. Rupert Nacoste, Professor, Psychology, Dr. Becky Leonard, Associate Professor, Communication, Dr. Anna Bigelow, Associate Professor, Philosophy and Religious Studies)
- Web resources for diverse classrooms compiled for the Graduate School’s Preparing Future Leaders Program
- Managing hot moments in the classroom, Derek Bok Center for Teaching and Learning, Harvard University. Online Document.
- Chesler, M.A. 1996. Perceptions of faculty behavior by students of color. CRLT Occasional Papers. The Center for Research on Learning and Teaching, University of Michigan. No. 7.
- Slatta, R.W. 2006. Contribution from a colleague: Embedding diversity in course content and assignments. FCTL Newsletter. November 2006, Issue 1, Page 1.
- Tips for Teachers: Teaching in Racially Diverse College Classrooms. Derek Bok Center for Teaching and Learning, Harvard University.
- Saunders, S. and D. Kardia. Creating Inclusive College Classrooms.
- Vanderbilt Center for Teaching
- Davis, B.G. 1993. Diversity and Complexity in the Classroom: Considerations of Race, Ethnicity, and Gender
- Border, L.L.B. and Chism, N.V.N. 1992. Teaching for Diversity. Jossey-Bass Publishers. San Francisco
- Margolis, J. and A. Fisher. 2002. Unlocking the Clubhouse. MIT Press. Cambridge
- University of Washington Strategies for Inclusive Teaching