What is the academic case for faculty diversity? What are the most effective practices departments can implement? The Faculty Search Toolbox contains resources, templates, and breakthrough practices for recruiting diverse faculty to NC State. It lays out recommended processes for search committees and who to contact for help with implementation.
Databases and online resources to identify potential candidates
- HERC resources for advertising: https://www.hercjobs.org/career_advice/diversity_resources/index.html. This has comprehensive lists of organizations targeted to different populations.
- ARL (Academic Research and Leadership) Network: https://www.arlnetwork.org/about-arl-network/
- Ford Foundation Fellows Directory: http://nrc58.nas.edu/FordFellowDirect/Main/Main.aspx
- SREB Doctoral Scholar Directory: http://dspdirectory.sreb.org/default.aspx (requires membership. If you are an NCSU employee contact firstname.lastname@example.org for information about how to access).
- CIC Doctoral Directory: http://www.cic.net/students/doctoral-directory/introduction
- GEM Fellowship Program Alumni: http://www.gemfellowship.org/about/about-gem
- Linked In!
- The Registry: http://www.theregistry.ttu.edu/ (Note: job-seekers can enter their information for free, but recruiters must subscribe)
- Building Future Faculty alumni directory: http://oied.ncsu.edu/faculty/building-future-faculty-program/
- Journals and magazines:
- Diverse Issues in Higher Education
- Journal of Blacks in Higher Education
- Education Associations
AERA (American Educational Research Association)
AABHE (American Association of Blacks in Higher Education)
ASHE (Association for the Study of Higher Education)
- Sciences and Engineering Associations
- AISES (American Indian Science and Engineering Society). http://www.aises.org/
- Society of Hispanic Professional Engineers. http://www.shpe.org/
- SACNAS (Society for the Advancement of Chicanos and Native Americans in Science). http://sacnas.org/
- National Society of Black Engineers. https://www.nsbe.org/home.aspx
- Society of Women Engineers
- WEPAN (Women in Engineering Proactive Network)
- AWIS (Association of Women in Science)
- MSPHDS (Minorities Striving and Pursuing Higher Degrees of Success in Earth System Science) http://www.msphds.org/
- MANNRS (Minorities in Agriculture, Natural Resources and Related Sciences) http://manrrs.org/
- Association of Women in Mathematics (AWM). https://sites.google.com/site/awmmath/home
- SUMMA (Strengthening Underrepresented Minority Mathematics Achievement): http://www.maa.org/programs/underrepresented-groups/summa
- Math Alliance. https://www.mathalliance.org/
- Caucus for Women in Statistics. http://cwstat.org/
- IBP Pathways to Science Directory in Agricultural Engineering
- Institute for Operations Research and Management Science (INFORMS) Minority Issues Forum (MIF)
- INFORMS Women in OR/MS (WORMS)
- Conference for African American Researchers in the Mathematical Sciences (CAARMS)
- Associations for Business, Architecture, Social Work
Sign up for the Recruiting Diverse Faculty Program
Contact Marcia Gumpertz (email@example.com), Assistant Vice Provost for Faculty Diversity, to start this process for your search committee.
At the first meeting of the search committee: Have an introduction to the academic case for diversity and some of the resources available for identifying potential candidates in your discipline, along with a general orientation to the standard processes and best practices of search committees. The Orientation provides answers to many frequently asked questions about who is responsible for what, confidentiality, and conducting interviews in the search process.
At a subsequent meeting of the search committee: Host a discussion about best practices for evaluating candidates, group decision-making, the effects of unconscious bias in faculty searches and how faculty can recognize and interrupt unconscious bias. Hold this discussion at the point when search committee members begin reviewing the applications.
Throughout the search process: Hold discussions about the demographics of the applicant pool with your college affirmative action officer and your department head.
A similar process has been used by all of the Chancellor’s Faculty Excellence Search Committees and is having a measurable impact on the diversity of faculty hired.
An article about the impact of the University of Wisconsin’s search committee workshops:
Minimizing the Influence of Gender Bias on the Faculty Search Process Eve Fine, Jennifer Sheridan, Molly Carnes, Jo Handelsman, Christine Pribbenow, Julia Savoy, and Amy Wendt
Findings: Faculty members are becoming aware of the role bias can play in evaluating faculty applicants and are learning strategies for minimizing bias. In departments where women are underrepresented, workshop participation is associated with a significant increase in the odds of making a job offer to a woman candidate, and with a non-significant increase in the odds of hiring a woman.
Position announcement template, sample candidate evaluation form, search committee guidelines, and videos
- Position announcement template for tenure track positions. This template can be modified to suit your positions.
- Developing Diverse Department Faculties: A Guide for Department Heads For hard copies of this pamphlet or an online version with an accessible format, please contact firstname.lastname@example.org.
- Office for Institutional Equity and Diversity resources: Guidelines for Recruiting a Diverse Workforce; 2011 Faculty Search Video, and more.
- Animated short video “Understanding Unconscious Bias” from the Royal Society
- Video “Interrupting Bias in the Faculty Search Process”
- Sample candidate evaluation form
- Sample candidate evaluation form – with numeric ratings
Target of Opportunity Hiring Program and assistance for dual career couples
- Target of Opportunity Hiring Program, including spouse and partner faculty hiring: rationale and procedures
NC State’s Target of Opportunity Hiring Program (TOP)
Target of opportunity hiring allows departments speed and flexibility in securing outstanding candidates who can help improve the quality and diversity of NC State’s faculty and professional staff. The target of opportunity hiring program accelerates the hiring process by allowing departments to take advantage of the availability of a specific scholar instead of requesting a new position and then searching for candidates who fit the description.
- hiring nationally renowned scholars in targeted curricular growth areas
- attracting outstanding senior scholars
- adding senior leadership to a program
- diversifying the faculty
- accommodating spousal or partner hires.
The Provost may fully or partially fund the position; agreements are made between departments and the administration (Dean and/or Provost) on a case-by-case basis. Provost’s funding may be provided permanently or for a fixed period after which the department will be expected to assume responsibility for the position. Funding for target of opportunity hiring can come from department, college or Provost’s funds.
Set up meetings for faculty candidates with diverse faculty
College Faculty Diversity Initiatives
The College of Education has developed a diversity checklist for faculty search committees. The checklist incorporates the elements of the pilot program on Recruiting Diverse Faculty described above. In addition, it includes several recommendations about ways to attract a diverse pool of applicants and suggestions about conducting the campus visit. The checklist is available on request from Valerie Faulkner, chair of the College of Education Committee on Mulicultural Initiatives and Diversity (COMID).
The College of Natural Resources has adopted a standard operating procedure for faculty searches. The dean of the college charges each search committee, making the academic case for diversity among the faculty and actively tracks the composition of the applicant pools with the chairs of the search committees. Each search committee in the college participated in the pilot program on Recruiting Diverse Faculty, and the college held a special meeting for all faculty to discuss faculty diversity. The standard operating procedure is available on request from Thomas Easley, chair of the CNR Diversity Committee.
The College of Humanities and Social Sciences (CHASS) launched an initiative in August 2013 requiring every department to prepare a diversity plan. Under the guidance of Juliana Nfah-Abbenyi, assistant dean for diversity and professor of English, with the assistance of the CHASS Diversity Advisory Committee, every department crafted a faculty-written plan for recruiting and retaining diverse faculty. The process of debating and writing these plans resulted in possibly the most diverse group of entering tenure-track and tenured faculty in the College of Humanities and Social Sciences history in 2015. In 2016-17, the dean required each search committee to participate in the RDF program. The Dean and the Assistant Dean for Diversity personally charged each search committee with the academic case for diversity at the search committee’s first meeting.
The combination of the dean actively promoting faculty diversity and departments participating in the Recruiting Diverse Faculty program has been the most effective approach to increasing diversity in recruiting faculty at NC State to date.
There are compelling reasons for institutions to take measures to increase faculty diversity:
- Stereotype inoculation. Academic contact with successful female scientists benefits female students’ self perception and motivation in STEM. Dasgupta, et al. 2011, Journal of Personality and Social Psychology.
- Cognitive benefits for students and faculty. Interaction with diverse faculty and student body promotes enhanced perspective taking, increased self-awareness, better cross-cultural skills and team work, expanded comfort zone.
- Access to the best talent: Our society cannot afford to do without Black, Hispanic/Latino, American Indian and women faculty. All of these groups are currently highly underrepresented among university faculty. Women are roughly half the population and American Indians, Latinos, and African Americans make up roughly 30% of the population.
- Foster innovation: “Research by my colleagues and I suggests that university administrators who do not work hard to attract and retain African-American faculty may well be missing out on an important benefit: Academic departments that are more diverse may produce more unorthodox ideas and do more original work….” from “Want more innovation? Get more diversity“